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Q. Key events and dates

  • 17 December 2021: The Russian Federation presents two draft treaties to the United States, proposing the withdrawal of NATO forces from those member states that joined the alliance after 1997 and an agreement not to accept new members.
  • January 2022: The US and NATO formally reply in January, rejecting these demands, while a large Russian military force assembles around Ukraine, on its Eastern border with the Russian Federation and in Belarus
  • 21 February 2022: The Russian Federation recognizes Luhansk and Donetsk as independent states.
  • 24 February 2022: Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin announces the ‘special military operation’ in Ukraine and offers a lengthy review of Russo-Ukraine relations.
  • 28 February 2022: First round of direct negotiations in Belarus.
  • 3 March 2022: Second round of direct negotiations in Belarus
  • 7 March 2022: Third round of direct negotiations in Belarus
  • 10 March 2022: Negotiations hosted by Turkey at the Antalya Diplomatic Forum at Foreign Minister level
  • 14-17 March 2022: Fourth round of negotiations (video conference)
  • 21 March 2022: Fifth round of negotiation
  • 24 March 2022: The Russian Federation announces that it has reached most of the goals of the first phase of its military campaign and that it will now focus on Eastern Ukraine
  • 29 March 2022: Sixth round of negotiations hosted by Turkey in Istanbul, initially leading to hopes for agreements among the sides
  • 30 March 2022: The Russian Federation asserts that its withdrawal from around Kyiv and areas of Northern Ukraine is a good-will gesture in response to progress in the negotiations
  • 31 March 2022: Russian Federation plays down progress in the Negotiations
  • 3-5 April 2022: The withdrawal of Russian forces reveals strong evidence of massacres against the Ukrainian civilian population while under Russian control. The President of Ukraine asserts that this will make negotiations more difficult, but that it is necessary to persist with the dialogue.
  • 7 April 2022: The Russian foreign Minister Lavrov claims that Ukraine is frustrating the negotiations and has backtracked from concessions. The Ukraine asserts that this is a manoeuvre to distract from the war crimes allegations.
  • 15 April 2022: Nine humanitarian corridors confirmed by Ukraine’s Deputy Prime Minister.
  • 17 April 2022: Ukraine states that negotiations are at risk from the situation in Mariupol and President Putin declares they are at a ‘dead end’ due to Ukrainian allegations of war crimes.
  • 26 April 2022: UN Secretary-General meets with President Putin. President Putin agrees in principle with proposals for humanitarian assistance and ‘safe corridors’ and expresses willingness to engage in a diplomatic settlement.
  • 22 July 2022: Ukraine, Russia, Turkey and the United Nations sign the Black Sea Grain Initiative.

Q. Key elements of positions of the sides

According to a news report, the following was the position of Ukraine offered during the negotiations in March:

Proposal 1: Ukraine proclaims itself a neutral state, promising to remain nonaligned with any blocs and refrain from developing nuclear weapons — in exchange for international legal guarantees. Possible guarantor states include Russia, Great Britain, China, the United States, France, Turkey, Germany, Canada, Italy, Poland, and Israel, and other states would also be welcome to join the treaty.

Proposal 2: These international security guarantees for Ukraine would not extend to Crimea, Sevastopol, or certain areas of the Donbas. The parties to the agreement would need to define the boundaries of these regions or agree that each party understands these boundaries differently.

Proposal 3: Ukraine vows not to join any military coalitions or host any foreign military bases or troop contingents. Any international military exercises would be possible only with the consent of the guarantor-states. For their part, these guarantors confirm their intention to promote Ukraine’s membership in the European Union.

Proposal 4: Ukraine and the guarantor-states agree that (in the event of aggression, any armed attack against Ukraine, or any military operation against Ukraine) each of the guarantor-states, after urgent and immediate mutual consultations (which must be held within three days) on the exercise of the right to individual or collective self-defense(as recognized by Article 51 of the UN Charter) will provide (in response to and on the basis of an official appeal by Ukraine) assistance to Ukraine, as a permanently neutral state under attack. This aid will be facilitated through the immediate implementation of such individual or joint actions as may be necessary, including the closure of Ukraine’s airspace, the provision of necessary weapons, the use of armed force with the goal of restoring and then maintaining Ukraine’s security as a permanently neutral state.

Proposal 5: Any such armed attack (any military operation at all) and all measures taken as a result will be reported immediately to the UN Security Council. Such measures will cease when the UNSC takes the measures needed to restore and maintain international peace and security.

Proposal 6: Implementing protections against possible provocations, the agreement will regulate the mechanism for fulfilling Ukraine’s security guarantees based on the results of consultations between Ukraine and the guarantor-states.

Proposal 7: The treaty provisionally applies from the date it is signed by Ukraine and all or most guarantor-states. The treaty enters force after (1) Ukraine’s permanently neutral status is approved in a nationwide referendum, (2) the introduction of the appropriate amendments in Ukraine’s Constitution, and (3) ratification in the parliaments of Ukraine and the guarantor-states.

Proposal 8: The parties’ desire to resolve issues related to Crimea and Sevastopol shall be committed to bilateral negotiations between Ukraine and Russia for a period of 15 years. Ukraine and Russia also pledge not to resolve these issues by military means and to continue diplomatic resolution efforts.

Proposal 9: The parties shall continue consultations (with the involvement of other guarantor-states) to prepare and agree on the provisions of a Treaty on Security Guarantees for Ukraine, ceasefire modalities, the withdrawal of troops and other paramilitary formations, and the opening and ensuring of safe-functioning humanitarian corridors on an ongoing basis, as well as the exchange of dead bodies and the release of prisoners of war and interned civilians.

Proposal 10: The parties consider it possible to hold a meeting between the presidents of Ukraine and Russia for the purpose of signing a treaty and/or adopting political decisions regarding other remaining unresolved issues.

According to a BBC interview with the Turkish facilitators, the following were the key points raised by President Vladimir Putin in a telephone conversation with President Erdogan:

  • Permanent neutrality of Ukraine that excludes NATO membership;
  • Disarmament of Ukraine to the point that it poses no threat to the Russian Federation;
  • Better provision for Russian-language speakers in Ukraine
  • De-nazification;
  • Addressing Luhansk and Donetsk (presumably recognition of their independence);
  • Acceptance that Crimea is part of the Russian Federation.

Q. Narrative chronology

28 February 2022

  • Ukrainian and Russian officials agreed to meet for talks at a venue on the Belarusian border with Ukraine, which was coordinated in a call by Belarusian President, Alexander Lukashenko to President Zelensky on 27 February
  • The office of President Zelensky reported on the morning of 28 February that: "The delegation included Head of the Servant of the People faction Davyd Arakhamia, Minister of Defense of Ukraine Oleksiy Reznikov, Adviser to the Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Mykhailo Podoliak, First Deputy Head of the Ukrainian Delegation to the TCG Andriy Kostin, MP Rustem Umerov and Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mykola Tochytskyi.
  • According to Zelensky’s office, 'The key issue of the talks is an immediate ceasefire and the withdrawal of troops from Ukraine'.
  • The talks concluded without resolution of the conflict, but '[a] decision was made to immediately hold additional consultations in the capitals of the states. After that, the second round of negotiations of Ukrainian and Russian parties is to take place in the near future'.
  • Later the same day, Zelensky appealed to the EU for immediate accession and signed Ukraine’s application for EU membership
    • In his speech, Zelesky stated: 'Europeans are aware that our soldiers are fighting for our country and, consequently, for the whole of Europe. For peace for all European countries, for the lives of children, for equality, for democracy. And this gives us the full right to do the following. We appeal to the European Union for Ukraine's immediate accession under a new special procedure…I am confident that is fair. I am confident we deserve it. I am confident that all this is possible'.
  • Regarding the prospect of subsequent talks, Zelensky said: 'I do not yet feel the specifics from this composition and this first meeting. The only thing is that there is one percent that they will be able to meet again and talk about certain steps forward'.
  • The President stressed the need for 'a complete ceasefire' before entering into a dialogue, saying, 'But to take steps forward, someone needs to take steps towards each other'.

3 March 2022

  • Agreement was reached as to the 'joint provision of humanitarian corridors for the evacuation of civilians, as well as for the delivery of medicines and food to the places of the fiercest fighting with the possibility of temporary ceasefire for the period of evacuation in the sectors where it takes place. Not everywhere, but only in those places where there are humanitarian corridors, there may be a ceasefire during the evacuation', per the Ukrainian President’s Office.
  • Simultaneously, President Putin told French President Emmanuel Macron that the 'tasks of the special military operation will be fulfilled in any event', according to a Kremlin translation reported by Reuters.
  • Talks concluded with expectation of a third round of talks to follow.

7 March 2022

  • During the third round of talks in Belarus, the delegations of Ukraine and Russia 'clarified the details of the functioning of humanitarian corridors to provide more effective assistance to people in the cities most affected by the Russian shelling', per the Ukrainian President’s Office.
  • 'We have received some positive results in terms of logistics of humanitarian corridors. They will be amended, and we will receive more effective assistance to people who are currently suffering from the aggression of the Russian Federation', said Mykhailo Podoliak, Adviser to the Head of the President's Office.
  • Intensive consultations will be continued on the basic, political bloc of settlement, in particular on the ceasefire and security guarantees.
  • Intent stated for talks to continue, specifically with regard to ceasefire and security guarantees.
  • Reuters reported on 11 March that Russian officials, including President Putin, that 'some progress' had been made on peace talks
    • 'There are certain positive shifts, negotiators on our side tell me', Putin said.
    • ‘The Kremlin said on Friday the conflict in Ukraine would end when the West took action over Russia's repeatedly raised concerns about the killing of civilians in eastern Ukraine and NATO enlargement eastwards'.
    • 'We need to find a resolution to these two questions. Russia formulated concrete demands to Ukraine to resolve those questions', Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said.

14 March 2022

  • As a result of these talks, 'In Ukraine, 10 humanitarian corridors will be opened on March 14 at 9:00 am to evacuate people from settlements affected by shelling by the Russian army'. This was announced by Deputy Prime Minister

21 March 2022

  • For this stage of talks, Ukraine aimed to reach an agreement on ending the armed aggression against Ukraine and the withdrawing of Russian troops from Ukrainian territory, per Head of the President's Office Andriy Yermak during a video meeting at the Royal Institute of International Affairs Chatham House (UK).
  • 'I hope that these agreements will primarily provide for a ceasefire, withdrawal of Russian troops to the territory of February 23, 2022, as well as consultations and talks on other issues on the return of our territories, the return of full control over the territories within the internationally recognized borders to the Ukrainian authorities', said Andriy Yermak.

29 March 2022

  • In advance of this round of talks, Russia announced: that ‘a draft presidential decree is being developed on retaliatory visa measures in connection with the unfriendly actions of a number of foreign states', per Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. ‘This act will introduce a number of restrictions on entry into the territory of Russia. And at the same time, in order to prevent a threat to the life and health of citizens of third countries and stateless persons who ended up on the territory of Ukraine, the procedure for entering and staying on the territory of Russia was facilitated for them to safely return to their countries of citizenship’.
  • Also leading up to this round of talks, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said he had instructed his deputy for humanitarian affairs, Martin Griffiths, to explore the possibility of a ceasefire in Ukraine to provide humanitarian assistance.
  • In a speech concurrent to the negotiations, President Zelensky said: 'The situation has not become easier. The scale of the challenges has not diminished. The Russian army still has significant potential to continue attacks against our state. They still have a lot of equipment and enough people completely deprived of rights whom they can send to the cauldron of war. Therefore, we stay alert and do not reduce our defense efforts…It is on this basis that I consider the messages on the negotiation process, which is underway at various levels with representatives of the Russian Federation. The enemy is still in our territory. The shelling of our cities continues. Mariupol is blocked. Missile and air strikes do not stop. This is the reality. These are the facts'.
  • Further: ‘Yes, we can call positive the signals we hear from the negotiating platform. But these signals do not silence the explosion of Russian shells…Of course, Ukraine is willing to negotiate and will continue the negotiation process. To the extent that really depends on us. We expect to get the result. There must be real security for us, for our state, for sovereignty, for our people. Russian troops must leave the occupied territories. Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity must be guaranteed. There can be no compromise on sovereignty and our territorial integrity. And there will not be any'.
  • NYT reported of these talks:
    • ‘Ukrainian officials said their country was ready to declare itself permanently neutral — forsaking the prospect of joining NATO, a key Russian demand — and discuss Russian territorial claims in exchange for "security guarantees" from a group of other nations. An aide to Ukraine’s president called the Russian delegation "constructive", while Russia said it would "drastically" scale back its military activity around Kyiv to "increase mutual trust"'.
    • 'Russian officials said, the goal will be to take more territory in Ukraine’s eastern Donbas region, where Russia has installed two separatist statelets that President Vladimir V. Putin recognized last month as independent, but that no other nation has formally acknowledged'.
    • President Biden said he would not draw any conclusions about Russia’s intentions 'until I see what their actions are'. Speaking after a White House meeting with the prime minister of Singapore, Mr. Biden added, 'We’ll see if they follow through with what they are suggesting…In the meantime…we’re going to continue to keep strong the sanctions and will continue to provide the Ukrainian military with the capacity to defend themselves'.
    • Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken, on a diplomatic trip to Morocco, told reporters, 'There is what Russia says and there’s what Russia does…and what Russia is doing is the continued brutalization of Ukraine and its people'.

3 April 2022

  • Despite periodic talks between Russia and Ukraine, their positions on the status of Crimea and Eastern Donbas regions remain unchanged.
    • According to Reuters, Russia’s chief negotiator, Valdimir Medinsky, asserted that Ukraine had agreed it would be neutral, not have nuclear weapons, not join a military bloc and refuse to host military bases. However, the two were still split on the question of territory.

4 April 2022

  • President Zelensky stated during a conversation in Bucha with Ukrainian and international journalists that ‘peace in Ukraine is impossible without victory, and victory can be achieved through diplomacy in parallel with the fighting of the Ukrainian army.'
  • Specifically, saying: ‘Every day, when our troops come in and deoccupy certain territories, you see what is happening. It's very difficult to talk when you see what they've done here. Every day people are found there in barrels, in cellars, strangled, tortured. Therefore, we believe that if they have something to think with, they need to think faster’...‘We strive for peace, we deserve it. And these people showed it, and the Armed Forces showed it. Peace is impossible without victory. Victory can be achieved in a diplomatic format in parallel with the fighting steps of our army. Our army demonstrates its fighting steps on a daily basis, but it is not easy. We do not want to lose millions of people. That is why there should be dialogue’.

12 April 2022

  • There has been little progress in peace talks since the face-to-face meetings in Istanbul. Putin stated that they were at a "dead end"following Ukraine’s allegations of war crimes. In a report from Bloomberg, Ukraine is yet to receive an official response from Russia on its proposals at the peace talks in Istanbul.

15 April 2022

  • Nine humanitarian corridors allowing for the evacuation of civilians, including a route from the city of Mariupol, have been confirmed by Ukraine’s Deputy Prime Minister, Iryna Vereshchuk.

17 April 2022

  • The situation in Mariupol could lead to peace talks being scrapped according to the Ukrainian President. In a video address he stated, "The elimination of our troops, of our men [in Mariupol] will put an end to any negotiations." The Ukrainian Foreign Minister, Dmytro Kuleba, has echoed this sentiment in an interview with CBS and asserts that Mariupol could pose a "red line" in the path of negotiations.
  • Roman Abramovich travelled to Kyiv in an attempt to revive peace talks between Russia and Ukraine. The Russian billionaire, with longstanding ties to the Russian President, has been acting as an informal mediator since the war began following a request for his involvement by the Ukrainian President.

21 April 2022

  • Ukraine has repeatedly asserted its willingness to negotiate with the Russians in Mariupol, offering the exchange of Russian prisoners for the safe passage of troops and civilians from the region.
    • Ukrainian negotiator, Mykhalio Podolyak, stated that Ukraine would conduct these talks "without any conditions," in a bid to "save our guys."
  • Putin ordered the Russian military to cancel its plans to take over the Mariupol Steel Plant where the last remaining Ukrainian troops are based.
  • The Ukrainian President denied receiving any draft of a peace proposal from the Kremlin. The two sides announced an intention to exchange draft peace proposals in March. Talks have appeared to stall since.
  • Ukrainian officials say that evacuations from Mariupol through agreed humanitarian corridors have been halted due to Russian shelling. President Zelensky says that 120,000 civilians are trapped in Mariupol.

22 April 2022

25 April 2022

  • In an interview with Russia Channel 1 TV, Lavrov warned the West not to underestimate the risk of nuclear conflict over Ukraine. He asserted that NATO is, "in essence," engaged in a proxy war with Russia by supplying Ukraine with weaponry.
  • Russia’s Foreign Minister reinforced that negotiations with Ukraine would continue despite their belief that "the Kyiv government’s position is set in Washington and other Western capitals."

26 April 2022

  • António Guterres meets directly with Vladimir Putin and Sergey Lavrov to discuss proposals for humanitarian assistance and the opening of ‘safe corridors’ to facilitate evacuations conflict zones, particularly Mariupol. Russia agrees ‘in principle.’
    • This would take the form of a Humanitarian Contact Group, comprising Russia, Ukraine, and the UN "with local cessations of hostilities, and to guarantee that they are actually effective."
  • Following the meeting Guterres reported that, "it is clear that there are two different positions on what is happening in Ukraine."
    • He reinforced UN calls for political dialogue towards a solution but acknowledged that this has so far not happened.
  • Putin expresses willingness to engage in a diplomatic settlement. A full statement of the President’s address to Guterres can be read here.
    • "We are living in a complicated world, and, therefore, we proceed from reality and are willing to work with everyone."
    • "I would like to inform you that although the military operation is underway, we are still hoping to reach an agreement on the diplomatic track. We are conducting talks. We have not abandoned them."
  • Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, holds a call with Putin emphasizing the importance of Russia and Ukraine continuing high-level talks like those hosted in Istanbul a month earlier. He proposes that the next talks be held at "leader level," between Putin and Zelensky directly.

27 April 2022

  • UK Foreign Secretary, Liz Truss, calls for further support from Western allies for Ukraine’s war effort in order to ‘push Russia out of the whole of Ukraine’.

28 April 2022

  • UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, visits Kyiv, condemning the "evil" war and urging Russia to cooperate with the ICC investigation.
  • Heavy Russian bombardment continues during Guterres’ visit. Hailed by Time as the ‘the boldest attack on the capital since Moscow’s forces retreated weeks ago.’
  • Karim Khan, Chief Prosecutor at the ICC, has said that he favoured neither Russia nor Ukraine in the search for the truth.

2 May 2022

  • There is growing speculation amongst US and Western officials that Russia could formally declare war on Ukraine on May 9th, drawing on the national significance of the day to facilitate a mass mobilisation in favour of escalating military action. The Kremlin has dismissed these suggestions as "nonsense," and continues to refer to the offensive as a "special military operation" aimed at "denazification."

3 May 2022

  • In a speech delivered to the Ukrainian Parliament, the UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, stated that there should be no peace settlement against the will of the Ukrainian people and gave support to the view that Ukraine could aim to win the war.

6 May 2022

  • The evacuation of civilians from the Azvostal Steel Works continues as Russia agrees to implement a ceasefire of three days from Thursday. However, Ukraine claims that Russian forces have breached the perimeter of the budling, which has become the epicentre of the battle for Mariupol.
  • Speaking at an online forum for Chatham House, Volodymyr Zelensky says that not all diplomatic bridges are broken between the two countries. He asserts that Russia must first fall back to the territory it held before 23 February if peace talks are to succeed.

9 May 2022

  • During Victory Day celebrations in Russia, President Putin defends the decision to send Russian forces into Ukraine but makes no new announcements on the conduct of the conflict.
  • In his speech on Europe Day, French President, Emmanuel Macron, states that it will take decades for Ukraine to join the European Union and proposes an alternative plan for a closer relationship with the European shot of full membership based on a new ‘European Political Community’.

11 May 2022

  • UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, agrees to mutual security guarantees with Finland and Sweden committing the United Kingdom to offer military assistance in the event of an invasion.

12 May 2022

16 May 2022

  • President Putin warned that Russia would respond if Sweden and Finland pursue their membership of NATO. Speaking to a summit of leaders in the Kremlin, he stated that, "the expansion of military infrastructure to this territory will produce our response."

17 May 2022

  • The ICC Prosecutor announces the largest field deployment of forensics and investigative team to Ukraine

18 May 2022

  • Final surrender of Ukrainians at the Azvostal steel plant marks the fall of Mariupol to Russian troops. Ukraine is keen to conduct a prisoner for those captured.
  • Finland and Sweden formally submit a joint bid for membership of NATO, breaking their historical neutrality. This marks a significant shift in Europe’s security balance, particularly since Finland shares a border with Russia.
  • On peace talks, both Ukrainian and Russian officials appear to indicate that they have stagnated. The Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Andrei Rudenko, states that Kyiv has ‘practically withdrawn from the negotiation process." The presidential advisor in Ukraine, Mykhailio Podolyak, asserted that talks were ‘on hold’.
  • US embassy in Ukraine reopened following three months of closure

20 May 2022

  • Italy presents a four-point peace plan for the end of the conflict in Ukraine to Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary General
    • Point one refers to a ceasefire and the demilitarisation of the front lines
    • Point two is that Ukraine would be a neutral country, with security to be determined via peace conference.
    • Point three is a bilateral agreement between Russia and the Ukraine to clarify the territorial aspects of contention, Crimea and Donbas, as well as dealing with cultural and language rights and guaranteeing free movement of people, goods and capital. It suggests that these regions have near-complete autonomy but as a part of Ukraine.
    • Point four proposes a multilateral peace agreement between the European Union and Russia, whereby the withdrawal of Russian troops

21 May 2022

  • President Zelensky asserted that the war with Russia can only be definitively resolved through "diplomacy" at the negotiating table.
  • Russian forces have freed up following the fall of Mariupol and are now conducting an offensive to seize the Luhansk region

22 May 2022

  • The Ukrainian government hardens its position and asserts that it will not accept a ceasefire deal with Russia that involves giving up territory
  • According to Ukrainian Presidential adviser, Mykhaylo Podolyak, such concessions would enable Moscow to commence a larger and bloodier offensive in the long term.

25 May 2022

  • President Zelensky conducted a strongly-worded online address rejecting any suggestion that Ukraine should offer territorial concessions to end the war with Russia
    • This is, in part, a response to the suggestion by Henry Kissinger at the World Economic Forum in Davos that Ukraine should let Russia keep Crimea, following its annexation in 2014.

26 May 2022

  • Sergei Lavrov dismisses the peace plan proposed by Italy, with a spokeswoman for the Russian foreign ministry deeming it a "fantasy."
    • Maria Zakharova said, "You can't supply Ukraine with weapons with one hand and come up with plans for a peaceful resolution of the situation with the other."

28 May 2022

  • In a conversation with Vladimir Putin, Emmanuel Macron and Olaf Scholz urged that Russia holds "direct serious negotiations" with Zelensky. However, the Russian leader warned that the continued delivery of western weapons to Ukraine threatened these negotiations and "risked further destabilization of the situation."
  • Hopes for diplomacy have waned in recent weeks as a sentiment emerges amongst Ukrainians that agreeing to a negotiated settlement would give time to Russia to regroup ahead of a further attack.

4 June 2022

  • David Arakhamia, a Ukrainian negotiator, stated that negotiations with Russia can only continue once Ukraine’s position is "strengthened" by the supply of advanced weaponry from Western allies. He describes the current state of peace talks with Russia as a case of "one step forward, two steps back."

5 June 2022

  • Pope Francis appeals to government leaders to seek a diplomatic solution to end the war in Ukraine

7 June 2022

  • Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov arrives in Turkey for talks on unblocking grain exports from Ukraine amid a pending global food crisis. The negotiations, mediated by Turkey, seek the opening of a security corridor to ship Ukrainian grain.
  • The Russian parliament votes to exit the European Court of Human Rights
  • The Associated Press reports that in a news conference on Monday, Zelensky stated that peace talks with Russia were currently at "level zero"

8 June 2022

  • Turkish and Russian foreign ministers fail to reach a breakthrough in talks on the shipping of millions of tons of grain and seed stuck in Ukraine's Black Sea ports. UN Secretary General, António Guterres, stated that the UN is pursuing a deal that would allow grain exports from Ukraine through the Black Sea and unimpeded access to world markets.
  • The remains of 50 dead soldiers were exchanged by both sides, making a total of 210 exchanged since the beginning of June 2022.

9 June 2022

  • Two UK citizens and a Morrocan citizen were sentenced to death by a court in the self-proclaimed republic of Donetsk for being mercenaries.

10 June 2022

  • Representatives of the UK Government and the United Nations condemn death sentences imposed on UK citizens for being mercenaries by a court in Donetsk.

11 June 2022

  • In an unannounced visit to Kyiv, European Commission President, Ursula von de Leyen, praised the progress made on Ukraine’s bid to join the European Union and discussed funding for reconstruction of Ukraine. She stated that her executive would finalise its opinion "by the end of next week" on whether Ukraine should be a candidate country for joining the European Union.

13 June 2022

  • Amnesty International releases a report on indiscriminate attacks by Russian forces, calling for justice processes to be as comprehensive as possible.

14 June 2022

  • The remains of 64 Ukrainian soldiers who died in the Mariupol steel plant and of 56 Russian soldiers have been repatriated in a third exchange of bodies between the parties.

16 June 2022

  • The leaders of France, Germany and Italy held meetings in Kiev with President Zelensky to smooth tensions over what the Ukrainian President has called lukewarm support for the defence of Ukraine
  • In an interview with the BBC, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov addressed the reasons for Russia’s ‘special military operation’ in Ukraine stating that: ‘We declared a special military operation because we had absolutely no other way of explaining to the West that dragging Ukraine into NATO was a criminal act’. The full interview and an edited transcript are available. In another interview with TASS, Lavrov stated that Russia had been satisfied with Ukraine's negotiating position in late March ‘as a basis for further work’.

17 June 2022

  • The European Commission endorsed Ukraine’s bid to become a candidate for membership in the European Union. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen noted that further work needs to be done including reforms on rule of law, oligarchs, human rights and tackling corruption. The Commission also recommended Moldova to candidate, while making Georgia’s candidacy subject to a number of priority reforms.
  • UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, made a surprise visit to Ukraine to express the UK Government’s continued support for the Ukrainian war effort and to commit to further military aid. His statement at the press conference is available on the government website.
  • During an interview, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz stated that it is absolutely necessary to continue talking to President Putin and to maintain that ‘there will be no dictate(d) peace’ and that withdrawal of troops from Ukrainian territory is a necessary condition.

18 June 2022

  • Five Ukrainian civilians were exchanged in an agreed swap for five Russians.
  • Kyiv’s chief negotiator, David Arakhamia, stated in an interview with Voice of America that Ukraine plans to resume peace talks with Russia by August when it will be in a better position to negotiate.

20 June 2022

  • Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelenskiy, stated that the Ukraine was engaged in ‘complex negotiations’ to free ports from a Russian blockade that continues to block grain exports from the country. Josep Borrell, the EU's foreign policy chief, described the blockade as a ‘real war crime’. Russia denies responsibility for the food crisis and blames Western sanctions.

21 June 2022

  • On a visit to Ukraine, US Attorney-General Merrick Garland announced the launch of a War Crimes Accountability Team, led by Eli Rosenbaum, to ‘centralize and strengthen the Justice Department’s ongoing work to hold accountable those who have committed war crimes and other atrocities in Ukraine’ and to ‘play an integral role in the Department’s ongoing investigation of potential war crimes over which the U.S. possesses jurisdiction’.

23 June 2022

  • In an expedited process, EU leaders approved Ukraine’s candidate status for joining the European Union along with Moldova.

26 June 2022

  • Canadian legislation has been passed that grants new powers to the Canadian government to seize and sell off frozen assets owned by individuals and entities on the Canadian sanctions list. The current policy is to use the seized assets to assist victims of the conflict.

27 June 2022

28 June 2022

  • Turkey agrees to lift objections to Finland and Sweden joining NATO in return for commitments on arms exports, fighting terrorism and extradition requests.
  • G7 Leaders issue a final communique of its June 2022 Summit that reiterates its support for Ukraine, and sets out commitments to boost military aid and introduce measures to counteract the effects of the Ukraine conflict.

29 June 2022

  • US Secretary of State, Anthony Blinken, in an interview with NPR states that Putin has been unwilling to engage in Ukraine talks. He stated that: "When a negotiating table does emerge, which at some point it will, they [Ukraine] have the strongest possible hand to play at the negotiating table"
  • NATO unveils a new Strategic Concept that identifies Russia as its most significant and direct threat and an independent Ukraine as vital for the stability of the Euro-Atlantic area. China is also identified for its coercive policies and partnership with Russia as a challenge to NATO interests and values. In the Madrid Statement, NATO also sets out its commitment to ‘step up political and practical support to our close partner Ukraine’.
  • Ukraine announces agreement of the largest prisoner exchange of the conflict so far, including 144 soldiers, dozens of whom had defended Mariupol.

30 June 2022

  • The Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that it has severed diplomatic relations with Syria following the country’s official recognition of the separatist Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics within Ukraine’s borders.
  • The European Court of Human Rights has issued interim measures instructing Russia to hold off from carrying out the capital punishment imposed against two British citizens for alleged mercenary activity.

2 July 2022

  • Ukraine chief negotiator, Mykhailo Podolyak claims that recent Russian attacks on residential areas are part of a deliberate strategy by Russia to force Ukraine to the negotiating table.

3 July 2022

  • Ukraine confirms the Russian capture of eastern city, Lysychansk, in the Donetsk region. Before the war started, this city was recognised as independent of Ukraine by President Putin. Ukraine still controls large urban areas in the rest of Donetsk.
  • Russia accuses Ukraine of deliberately targeting civilians with a missile strike on Belgorod. Ukrainian officials dismissed the Russian claim, saying Moscow had staged a ‘provocation’ in the city.

5 July 2022

  • NATO formally begins the process for Sweden and Finland to join the alliance, with members signing the protocols of accession.

8 July 2022

  • President Vladimir Putin said on Thursday that Russia had barely started its military campaign in Ukraine. He insisted that, "at the same time, we don’t reject peace talks. But those who reject them should know that the further it goes, the harder it will be for them to negotiate with us."

9 July 2022

  • In an interview with CNN, Zelensky stated that Ukraine will not cede territory for peace with Russia.

11 July 2022

  • European countries are concerned that the upcoming outage of the Nord Stream 1 pipeline for annual maintenance will be extended due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict. The pipeline carries Russian gas into Germany. If Russia uses the opportunity to completely cut off gas supply, this may spark rationing and chaos across the Continent. Kremlin spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, dismissed claims that Russia would use oil and gas to exert political pressure.

13 July 2022

  • Dmytro Kuleba, Ukraine’s foreign minister, stated that "there is nothing to discuss" on the subject of peace talks with Russia.
  • "Currently, there are no talks between Russia and Ukraine, because of the position of Russia and its continued aggression against our country."
  • "Despite the narratives about war fatigue, our communications only improve and become stronger".
  • "The objective of Ukraine in this war … is to liberate our territories, restore our territorial sovereignty in the east and south of Ukraine … this is the end point of our negotiating position."

14 July 2022

  • Turkey has announced a deal, which will be signed next week, for Ukraine to recommence the export of grain through Black Sea ports after talks between Ukraine, Russia, Turkey, and the United Nations. Antonio Guterres said the talks amounted to a "critical step forward."
  • 45 countries signed a political declaration at The Hague to coordinate investigations into alleged war crimes in Ukraine.

15 July 2022

  • A senior Russian official said Moscow would respond positively if Kyiv is ready to resume peace negotiations, but Ukraine must accept the "territorial realities".
  • Mykhailo Podolyak, head of Ukraine’s negotiating team, said that Russian forces were attacking Ukrainian cities to enforce "peace at any price".

22 July 2022

  • Ukraine, Russia, Turkey and the United Nations signed the Black Sea Grain Initiative on the resumption of Ukrainian grain exports through the Black Sea. The United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Gutteres, described the deal as a ‘beacon of hope’.

26 July 2022

  • EU member states reach a political agreement on reducing the demand for natural gas in response to Gazprom’s announcement of reduced supply through Nord Stream 1.

1 August 2022

  • The Black Sea Grain Initiative facilitates the departure of the first commercial ship to leave Odessa since 26 February 2022. Implementation of the agreement is being coordinated and monitored by the Joint Coordination Centre (JCC).

7 August 2022

  • President Zelensky warns Russia that Ukraine will rule out peace talks if referendums are held in separatist-held territories in the Donbas region.

19 August 2022

22 August 2022

  • Russia's permanent representative to the United Nations in Geneva, Gennady Gatilov, stated that, while the two sides were ‘very close’ to reaching an agreement in April 2022, the United States and NATO pushed Ukraine to reject the deal. Now, Mr Gatilov does ‘not see any possibility for diplomatic contacts’ and ‘the more the conflict goes on, the more difficult it will be to have a diplomatic solution’.

23 August 2022

  • A Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed concern at ‘reports that the Russian Federation and affiliated armed groups in Donetsk are planning - possibly in the coming days - to try Ukrainian prisoners of war in what is being labelled an ‘international tribunal’ in Mariupol’.

27 August 2022

  • Former President Dmitry Medvedev stated that Moscow would not stop its military campaign in Ukraine even if Kyiv formally renounced its aspirations to join NATO.

1 September 2022

  • A technical mission of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) made its first inspection of the Russian-held Zaporizhzhia power plant in Ukraine and will maintain a presence at the site.

6 September 2022

  • According to Ukrainian official, while the Ukraine is seeking to establish a criminal tribunal to try President Putin and his ‘inner circle’ for the crime of aggression, its allies remain reluctant to support such a venture with a view to future diplomatic relations with Russia.

7 September 2022

  • The UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guteres, has called for a demilitarised zone around the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant. It would involve the withdrawal of Russian troops and a commitment by Ukraine to keep its forces outside the zone. President Zelensky offered qualified support and suggested a UN peacekeeping force.
  • President Putin threatened to withdraw from the Black Sea Grain Deal brokered between Russia and the Ukraine because ‘grain leaving Ukraine was being exported not to poor countries, but instead to the EU’

14 September 2022

  • Reports have emerged that, prior to the ‘special military operation’ in Ukraine, President Putin rejected a potential deal with Ukraine ‘to satisfy Russia's demand that Ukraine stay out of NATO’ with a view towards achieving territorial annexations. Kremlin officials have denied this.

16 September 2022

  • While attending a summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Uzbekistan, President Putin vows to ‘press his attack on Ukraine’ despite the recent success of Ukrainian counterattacks. He maintains that ‘the “liberation” of Ukraine’s entire eastern Donbas region remained Russia’s main military goal and that he sees no need to revise it’.
  • During the SCO summit, India and China expressed concerns to President Putin about the ongoing conflict. This was the first in-person meeting between Presidents Putin and Xi Jinping since the invasion of Ukraine.

20 September 2022

  • Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, stated that his impression from recent talks with President Putin was that ‘he wanted to end this as soon as possible’. President Erdogan continues to call for a peaceful settlement of the conflict and pointed to an agreement between Russia and Ukraine to exchange around 200 hostages as a ‘significant step’.
  • Four occupied separatist territories within Ukraine announce plans to hold urgent referendums on joining Russia. The Ukrainian foreign minister stated that these ‘sham “referendums” will not change anything’ and the President’s office suggested that these referendums would destroy the possibility of peace talks. Western states have responded by dismissing these plans as ‘illegitimate’.

21 September 2022

  • President Putin ordered a partial military mobilisation of reservists to bolster Russian forces in Ukraine and threatened to ‘use all available means at his disposal’ to protect Russia.
  • European countries, except for Hungary, have requested the UN Human Rights Council to appoint a ‘special rapporteur or independent monitor to “collect, examine and assess” information on the situation within Russia and produce a report for the council in a year’.

22 September 2022

  • After Putin’s threats to ‘use all available means’, the UN Secretary-General has stated that consideration of nuclear conflict is ‘totally unacceptable’ and expressed deep concerns over plans to organise ‘referendums’ in occupied areas of Ukraine. He reiterated that: ‘Any annexation of a State’s territory by another State resulting from the threat or use of force is a violation of the United Nations Charter and of international law’.

23 September 2022

  • Voting began in four occupied regions to decide on whether to join the Russian Federation. There are allegations of coercion. In a statement, G7 Leaders have ‘strongly condemn[ed] the sham referenda’.

Q. Key news sources

Russia holds annexation votes; Ukraine says residents coerced, 23 September 2022

Latest Developments in Ukraine Dangerous, Disturbing, Secretary-General Tells Security Council, Calling for Redoubled Efforts to End ‘Senseless’ War, 22 September 2022

Putin orders partial military call-up, sparking protests, 22 September 2022

E.U. countries ask the U.N to appoint a monitor to assess human rights violations in Russia, 21 September 2022

Ukraine war: Occupied areas call urgent vote to join Russia, 21 September 2022

Ukraine says Russian referendums will destroy possibility of talks, 20 September 2022

Turkey's Erdogan: Russia's Putin willing to end war, 20 September 2022

Western Leaders Dismiss Referendums Planned In Russian-Controlled Areas Of Ukraine As Illegitimate, 20 September 2022

Erdogan Says Finding 'Dignified Way Out' For Both Sides Could End War In Ukraine, 20 September 2022

Putin vows to press attack on Ukraine; courts India, China, 17 September 2022

India's Modi assails Putin over Ukraine war, 16 September 2022

Exclusive: As war began, Putin rejected a Ukraine peace deal recommended by aide, 14 September 2022

Putin threatens to tear up fragile Ukraine grain deal in bellicose speech, 7 September 2022

UN calls for demilitarised zone around Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant, 7 September 2022

Zaporizhzhia: Ukraine suggests UN peacekeepers for nuclear plant, 7 September 2022

West reluctant to put Putin on trial, say Ukrainian officials, 6 September 2022

Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant: UN experts make first inspection, 1 September 2022

Russia can't stop war, even if Ukraine drops NATO hopes - Putin ally, 27 August 2022

Reports of possible trials of Ukrainian prisoners of wars, 23 August 2022

Russia rules out agreement to end war with Ukraine, 22 August 2022

Putin Courts Erdogan, as Turkey Claims Ukraine Grain Deal Success, 22 August 2022

Ukraine war: Russia to allow inspectors at Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant - Putin, 19 August 2022

Ukraine war: Russia rejects call to demilitarise Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant area, 19 August 2022

Ukraine’s Zelenskyy rules out talks if Russia holds referendums, 7 August 2022

Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General - on the first commercial vessel sailing as part of the Black Sea Grain Initiative, 1 August 2022

EU agrees plan to ration gas use over Russia supply fears, 26 July 2022

Ukraine and Russia sign UN-backed deal to restart grain exports, 22 July 2022

Ukraine war: Deal signed to allow grain exports to resume by sea, 22 July 2022

Turkey announces deal with Ukraine, Russia and UN aimed at resuming grain exports, 14 July 2022

Forty-five nations pledge to coordinate evidence of war crimes in Ukraine, 14 July 2022

Ukraine rules out ceding territory to Russa to secure peace, 13 Jul 2022

Zelensky says Ukraine will not give up territory for peace with Russia: ‘This is our land’, 9 July 2022

Putin says Russia just starting in Ukraine, peace talks will get harder with time, 8 July 2022

Vladimir Putin warns Russia has ‘barely started’ its campaign in Ukraine, 8 July 2022

Ukraine confirms Russia captured eastern city Lysychansk, 3 July 2022

European Rights Court Tells Russia To Ensure Two Britons Captured In Ukraine Aren't Executed, 30 June 2022

Putin has been unwilling to engage in Ukraine talks, says Secretary of State Blinken, 29 June 2022

Ukraine announces largest prisoner exchange yet, including Mariupol fighters, 29 June 2022

Turkey lifts objections to Finland and Sweden’s Nato bid, 28 June 2022

Russia defaults on debt for first time since 1998 – reports, 27 June 2022

G7: we will stand with Ukraine 'for as long as it takes', 27 June 2022

Canada can now seize, sell off Russian assets. What's next?, 27 June 2022

‘Ukraine’s future is in the EU’: Zelenskiy welcomes granting of candidate status, 23 June 2022

Garland in Ukraine to talk war crimes prosecution, 21 June 2022

Talks On Opening Ukrainian Ports 'Complex,' Zelenskiy Says, As Top EU Diplomat Calls Blockade A 'War Crime', 20 June 2022

Talks with Russia may resume after Ukraine Army’s counteroffensives in late Aug – Arakhamia, 18 June 2022

5:5 swap: Ukraine secures the release of civilians captured by Russians in Kyiv region, 18 June 2022

German leader says it's necessary to keep talking to Putin, 17 June 2022

Ukraine war: Boris Johnson returns to Kyiv with pledge of new military training programme, 17 June 2022

Ukraine moves one step closer to EU membership, 17 June 2022

Macron, Scholz and Draghi meet Zelenskyy in Kyiv during historic visit, 16 June 2022

Additional bodies of Russian and Ukrainian soldiers to be repatriated in exchange, official says, 14 June 2022

Ukraine war: Amnesty accuses Russia of ‘war crimes’ in Kharkiv, 13 June 2022

Von der Leyen Says Ukraine’s EU Bid Advancing During Kyiv Visit, 11 June 2022

Britain, U.N. official condemn Donbas death sentences against British soldiers, 10 June 2022

Britons sentenced to death after ‘show trial’ in Russian-occupied Ukraine, 9 June 2022

Press Conference by Secretary-General António Guterres at United Nations Headquarters, 8 June 2022

Ukraine and Russia swap bodies of war victims, Kyiv says: "50 fallen heroes have been returned", 8 June 2022

Russia's Lavrov in Turkey to discuss plan to ship Ukrainian grain, 8 June 2022

Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov in Turkey for talks on Ukraine grain exports, 7 June 2022

Ukraine’s leader: Russia seeks another key city in southeast, 6 June 2022

Pope Francis appeals to government leaders on Ukraine: “Please do not bring humanity to ruin”, 5 June 2022

Negotiations with Russia can continue after Ukraine’s position is “strengthened,” says Ukrainian negotiator, 4 June 2022

Putin defiant as Macron and Scholz call for fresh Ukraine peace talks, 28 May 2022

Ukraine savages the idea of concession to end war, evokes appeasement of Nazis, 26 May 2022

Moscow Pours Cold Water on Italian Peace Plan for Ukraine, 26 May 2022

Ukraine refuses to give up land in any peace deal, 22 May 2022

Zelensky: Only diplomacy can end Ukraine war, 22 May 2022

Italy Circulates 4-Point Peace Plan, 20 May 2022

UN urges Russia and Ukraine to resume peace talks, 19 May 2022

Russia-Ukraine war live updates: Soldier pleads guilty in war crimes trial; Nordic neighbors submit NATO bids, 18 May 2022

Ukraine Latest: US Reopens Embassy in Kyiv After Three Months, 18 May 2022

Ukraine suspends peace talks with Russia, 17 May 2022

Finland Nato: Russia threatens to retaliate over membership move, 12 May 2022

Ukraine to hold first war crimes trial of Russian soldier, 12 May 2022

Now Finland's leaders have decided they want to join NATO, what it means - and how a worried Putin might respond, 12 May 2022

UK agrees mutual security deals with Finland and Sweden, 11 May 2022

Macron floats European ‘community’ open to Ukraine and UK, 9 May 2022

Ukraine war: Officials will be interested in what Putin did not say in Russia's annual Victory Day parade speech, 9 May 2022

Russia-Ukraine war: what we know on day 71 of the invasion, 5 May 2022

Ukraine war: Russia denies it plans to declare war on 9 May, 5 May 2022

‘Ukraine will be free,’ Boris Johnson tells country’s parliament, 3 May 2022

May 2, 2022 Russia Ukraine news, 2 May 2022

Push Russia out of whole of Ukraine, says Truss, 27 April 2022

Mass graves near besieged Ukrainian city Mariupol are evidence of war crimes, say Ukrainian officials, 22 April 2022

Putin claims victory in Mariupol; Ukrainian fighters hold on, 22 April 2022

'No humanitarian corridors': Ukraine says Mariupol evacuations halted by Russian shelling, 21-22 April 2022

Ukraine ready to hold ‘special negotiations’ with Russians in Mariupol, 20 April 2022

Zelensky denies receiving draft of Russia’s peace proposal, 20 April 2022

Ukrainian foreign minister says Mariupol “doesn’t exist anymore” after Russian siege, 17 April 2022

Abramovich Visits Kyiv, Seeks to Revive Ukraine-Russia Talks, 16 April 2022

Putin Says Ukraine Talks ‘at Dead End’, Vows to Pursue War, 12 April 2022

Russia says peace talks not ready for leaders’ meeting, 3 April 2022

Russia Says Ukraine Presented Unacceptable Draft Peace Deal, 7 April 2022

Europe ‘Split’ over Ukraine-Russia peace negotiations, 6 April 2022

Zelensky says Ukraine had 'no option but to negotiate' with Russia to end war. But will Putin hold talks? 5 April 2022

Russia Lists Goodwill Gesture for Talks, Has Condition to End War, 5 April 2022

Zelensky say Russian ‘War Crimes in Ukraine Make Negotiations harder, 4 April 2022

What Diplomatic Solution might End the War in Ukraine, 1 April 2022

Peace Talks Between Russia and Ukraine to resume on Friday Says Negotiator, The Guardian, 31 March 2022

Russia Plays Down Progress in Peace Talks, Intensifies Attacks in the Eastern Ukraine, 30 March 2022

Hopes for Agreement Center on Negotiators in Istanbul, 29 March 2022

Peace Talks Produce first Signs of Progress, 29 March 2022

Ukrainians are not Naïve, The Guardian, 29 March 2022

Ukraine’s Government is Willing to Make Big Concessions to End the War, The Economist, 23 March 2022

Russia-Ukraine Close to Agreement says Turkey, 20 March 2022

Ukraine Conflict, Putin Lays out his Demands in Turkish Phone Call, 17 March 2022

Ukraine and Russia Explore Neutrality Plan in Peace Talks, Financial Times, 16 March 2022

Ukraine-Russia Hold Third Round of Peace Talks, 7 March 2022

Second Round of Russia Ukraine Peace Talks Begins in Brest, Belarus, 3 March 2022

Russia Peace Talks Resume as Russia Claims first City, 3 March 2022.

Ukraine and Russia Finish First Rounds of Peace Talks at Belarussian Border, 28 February 2022

Ukraine Agrees to Hold Peace Talks with Russia at Belarus Border, 27 February 2022

Ukraine Rejects Belarus as Russia Talks Host, 27 February 2022